Resilient connectivity: Minimising the impact of network disruptions
- Lunchtime Session
This session examines best practices and innovations to improve the resilience of multimodal transport networks. It will also discuss ways of enhancing connectivity in the face of efficiency and sustainability challenges. Ensuring that transport networks are resilient to disruption is high on policy agendas around the world. It is important to balance transport network efficiency and resilient connectivity. The latter stimulates regional integration, reduces trade costs and increases trade volumes, thereby promoting economic growth, social integration, and development. This task is challenging due to growing global trade flows, sustainability requirements, and risks such as political instability, cyber-crimes and climate change. Innovation in technology, including in IT and physical hardware, may influence both operational efficiency and resilience of the network. To recover from disruption and to implement efficient solutions, all stakeholders must work together.
- The World Bank estimates a USD 8 trillion infrastructure investment gap in roads by 2040, which represents more than half of the total global infrastructure investment gap.
- 75% of companies worldwide experience one major supply chain disruption per year according to a report by consultancy PwC.
- The number of cyber-attacks on transport control systems in the United States more than quadrupled from 2012 to 2015 according to the U.S. National Cybersecurity and Communications Integration Center.
- What are effective strategies and trade-offs for increasing transport networks’ resilience and maintaining efficiency?
- How can built-in redundancy, enhanced management capacity and preparedness contribute to resilient transport networks? How can international cooperation and contingency planning enable this?
- What are the technological innovations (e.g. blockchain, 3D printing, automation of vehicles and terminals) or the new business models that can help increase transport network resilience and enhance connectivity? How could governments stimulate the development and adoption of such innovations?
- ITF Collaboration in Supply Chain Management: A Resilience Perspective. Discussion Paper, 25 October 2018. Available online on: https://www.itf-oecd.org/collaboration-supply-chain-management-resilience-perspective-0
- Reggiani, Aura, Peter Nijkamp, and Diego Lanzi. "Transport resilience and vulnerability: the role of connectivity." Transportation research part A: policy and practice 81 (2015): 4-15.