Transport and climate: moving forward from COP24
- lock_open Restricted participation
The 24th session of the Conference of the Parties (COP24) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in Katowice, Poland delivered the Katowice Rulebook, implementing the Paris Agreement. This important moment marks the beginning of a process where countries need to start stepping up actions for climate protection and to define a clear policy pathway, especially for transport, where it remains one of the most challenging sectors to decarbonise. Currently, only 60% of the Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) have included any kind of transport measures and these measures often lack a comprehensive approach to address the challenges in reducing carbon emissions in passenger and freight transport. In addition, there are many other transport initiatives that have not been captured in NDCs, especially in emerging economies, where NDCs are often not aligned with national transport plans. It is recognised that governments will continue to have a significant role to play and the policies they implement will determine the direction of where the sector and its many stakeholders need to go. The transport sector has to start acting fast to provide the enabling framework for the sector to scale up action, by using available cost effective solutions to significantly reduce transport emissions, create co-benefits and change behaviour through the provision of reliable, safe and affordable services at the same time.
This roundtable serves as a platform for transport Ministers to focus on some of the above mentioned issues with leaders in the private sector and international organisations.
Suggested topics for discussion include:
- Effective and efficient transport policies that will reduce carbon emissions exist in different parts of the world. How can countries or cities learn from each other and scale up action to meet their climate and sustainable transport goals? What are some cost efficient measures that can be implemented in the short-, medium- or long term?
- Low carbon transport policies are often categorised into three main types, 1) technology, 2) infrastructure and 3) changing travel behaviour. What are some examples where countries have combined these three elements?
- The transport sector needs to be decarbonised in order for countries to meet their national climate targets. How can the transport sector be more engaged in the greater climate change policy process? What experience can the transport sector share with and learn from other sectors, e.g. energy and industry that also need to rapidly decarbonise?
- Political environments change and parties have different perspectives on climate change and the level of effort needed to mitigate emissions from the transport sector. How can countries ensure that efforts to reduce transport emissions, supported by sustainable transport goals, endure across political changes?
Director, Sustainable Development Mechanisms Programme
United Nations Climate Change Secretariat (UNFCCC)